10 Amazing Ancient Wonders That Still Remain A Mystery With Their Photos

Physinews Research Reports: Throughout history civilizations have
been born and lost countless times. In
modern times through our accumulation
of knowledge, anthropologists and
archaeologists have tried to piece
together a timeline of the rise and fall of
civilizations. However, through new
discoveries and the hard work of many
researchers, more previously unknown
civilizations are being looked at in a new
light.
All of these are ancient and they
are a sign of the major probability that
we do not know as much as we would like
about our history as we believe we do.

10 Amazing Ancient
Wonders That Still Remain A
Mystery

10. The Unfinished Obelisk In
Egypt

Broken obelisk in an archaeological park
inside Aswan city.
One of the most famous stones left behind is
the ‘Unfinished’ Obelisk, taller than any
known obelisk ever raised. The unfinished
obelisk is the largest known ancient obelisk
and is located in the northern region of the
stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan
(Assuan).

It is 42m in length and was most probably
abandoned when some cracks appeared in
the rock, during its construction.

Others
believe that the female pharaoh known as
Hatshepsut sanctioned its construction. If
finished it would have measured around 42
m (approximately 137 feet) and would have
weighed nearly 1,200 tons.

Besides the unfinished obelisk, an
unfinished partly worked obelisk base was
discovered in 2005 at the quarries of
Aswan.  All these quarries in Aswan and the
unfinished objects are an open-air
museum and are officially protected by the
Egyptian government as an archaeological
site.

One of the most famous stones left behind is
the ‘Unfinished’ Obelisk, taller than any
known obelisk ever raised. The unfinished
obelisk is the largest known ancient obelisk
and is located in the northern region of the
stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan
(Assuan).

It is 42m in length and was most probably
abandoned when some cracks appeared in
the rock, during its construction. Others
believe that the female pharaoh known as
Hatshepsut sanctioned its construction. If
finished it would have measured around 42
m (approximately 137 feet) and would have
weighed nearly 1,200 tons.

Besides the unfinished obelisk, an
unfinished partly worked obelisk base was
discovered in 2005 at the quarries of
Aswan.  All these quarries in Aswan and the
unfinished objects are an open-air
museum and are officially protected by the
Egyptian government as an archaeological
site.

9. Dwarka. Mythical City in
India

Dwarka the sunken city.
Dwarka is one of the most ancient cities of
India. The city, five miles long and two
miles wide, is located 120 feet underwater
in the Gulf of Cambay off the western coast
of India.

The discovery was particularly astonishing
to scientists as the area predates all other
finds in the area by at least 5,000 years,
suggesting a much longer history of the
civilization than was first assumed (carbon
dating estimates the site to be almost 10,000
years old).

Marine scientists used sonar images and
sum-bottom profiling to locate the lost ruins
and it is believed the area was submerged
when the ice caps melted in the last Ice Age.

What’s surprising is that many
architectural remains are still intact. This
incredible find has been named Dwarka
(The Golden City) in honor of the Hindu
god, Krishna.

8. The Dolmen of Menga In
Spain

The Dolmen of Menga, Antequera, Málaga, Spain
The Dolmen of Menga (Spanish: Dolmen de
Menga) is a megalithic burial mound called
a tumulus, a long barrow form of dolmen,
dating from the 3rd millennium BCE. It is
near Antequera, Malaga, Spain. It is famous
for being one of the largest structures in
Europe, if not the world.
Largest stones estimated at 180 Tons. Built
on a natural mound, the main chamber is
composed of five capstones supported by
three squared pillars, cut into the stones that
compose the floor. Anthropomorphic scenes
are recorded on its walls. When the grave
was opened and examined in the 19th
century, archaeologists found the skeletons
of several hundred people inside.

7. Ggantija In Malta

Ruins of the Ggantija Temple on the island of Gozo.
Older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids,
Ggantija Temples in Xaghra, Gozo, are one
of the most important archaeological sites in
Malta. These two temples are notable for
their gigantic Neolithic structures, which
were erected during the Neolithic Age (c.
3600-2500 BC). The ruins had been noted
since 1772 and the remains were
‘cleared’ (not excavated) in 1827 under
Colonel Otto Bayer.
The Ggantija megalithic complex consists of
two temples surrounded by a massive
common boundary wall, which was built
using the alternating header and stretcher
technique, with some of the megaliths
exceeding five meters in length and
weighing over fifty tons. Just remember that
all this was built in a time when there were
no metal tools and no wheels.
It is considered that Ggantija might have
represented the location of a fertility
celebration, as figures and statuettes linked
to fertility were discovered there. Due to the
gigantic dimensions of the megaliths, in
past centuries some locals believed that the
temples were the work of giants.

According to an ancient legend, the temple
walls were built in one day and one night
by a female giant named Sunsuna, who did
it while nursing a baby. Ggantija is Maltese
for “giant’s grotto.” However, modern
calculations would suggest that the southern
temple alone would have taken some 15,000
man-days to construct.
Extensive archaeological and restoration
work was carried out in the early 20th
century to ensure their preservation.
Because of their uniqueness and beauty, the
major temple complexes are deservedly
designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites,
collectively named as “The Megalithic
Temples of Malta”.

6. Yonaguni Monument In Japan

Massive underwater rock formation off the
coast of Yonaguni, the southernmost of the
Ryukyu Islands, in Japan.

The Yonaguni Monument is a submerged
rock formation off the coast of Yonaguni,
the southernmost of the Ryukyu Islands,
in Japan. In 1986, a diver (Kihachiro
Aratake) near the island of Yonaguni Jima,
came across some strange structures about
25 metres below sea level.Aratake was
stunned by massive rectangular formations
with perfect 90 degree angles, straight walls,
steps, columns and what appears to be a
human face carved in the rock. The
monument is made of sandstone, and is
derived from the same singular rock
formation, a staggering rectangle 150m by
40m and reaching 27m in height.

The enormous stone monument consists of
a flat platform covered with elaborate
ornament, perfectly flat steps and terraces
of unusual shapes. Many other interesting
objects, including sculptures made of stone
that resemble animal figures, have been
discovered both on land and in the sea
around the structures.

Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist from
Japan’s Ryukyus University, has been
studying and mapping the site for over 15
years and believes that the site is over five
thousand years old but was sunk during an
earthquake two thousand years ago. Others
have estimated that the structure is far
older.

However, this construction is not alone.

Alongside the monument ten other
structures have been found on Yonaguni,
including a castle, five temple-like
structures, and what seems to be a huge
stadium. What is more interesting is that all
of these structures are connected by roads
and water lines.

The Yonaguni monument is surrounded in
mystery. It has been swept under the carpet
of mainstream human history and in the
process could wipe out a key period in
Asia’s ancient history.

5. Olmec Heads In Mexico

The Olmec colossal heads are at least
seventeen monumental stone
representations of human heads sculpted
from large basalt boulders. The heads date
from at least before 900 BC and are a
distinctive feature of the Olmec civilization
of ancient Mesoamerica*. Colossal Head
#10. San Lorenzo.
The Olmecs were an important early
Mesoamerican civilization which had much
influence on later cultures such as the
Aztecs and the Maya. The Olmec culture
thrived along Mexico’s gulf coast from
roughly 1200 to 400 B.C. They were
extremely talented artists and sculptors:
they produced many statues, celts, masks,
figurines, stelae, thrones and more. Best
known for their massive colossal heads,
seventeen of which have been found at the
three most significant Olmecs sites in
Mexico (La Venta, San Lorenzo and Tres
Zapotez). Almost all of these colossal heads
bear the same features, flattened nose, wide
lips, and capping headpiece. It has long
been suggested that the stone heads
represent warriors or chieftain leaders, or
perhaps a ruling dynasty. The heads were
carved from huge basalt boulders, some
quarried in the Tuxtlas Mountains; some
from the basalt of Cerro Cintepec; others
from basalt found on San Martin Volcano.
There has been a great deal of controversy
about these heads with many African
groups claiming that these heads that show
seemingly African features are evidence
that there were great civilizations in Africa
that were sailing around the world long
before the Europeans.

4. Gobekli Tepe In Turkey

Gobekli Tepe was first identified in 1963 by
a turkish-American research group. They
noticed several piles consisting of fragments
of flint, a sign of human activity in the Stone
Age.
Archaeologically categorised as a site of the
Pre-Pottery Neolithic A Period (c. 9600–
7300 BC), Göbekli Tepe is a series of mainly
circular and oval-shaped structures set on
the top of a hill; massive carved stones,
crafted and arranged by prehistoric people
who had not yet developed metal tools or
even pottery. Göbekli Tepe is situated on a
flat and barren plateau, with buildings
fanning in all directions (the megaliths
predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years).
The site was first noted in
a survey conducted by Istanbul
University and the University of Chicago in
1963. Subsequently it became apparent that
Gobekli Tepe consists of not only one, but
many of such stone age temples.
Excavations began in 1995 by Prof. Klaus
Schmidt with the help of the German
Archaeological Institute. Schmidt is
convinced it’s the site of the world’s oldest
temple. Göbekli Tepe is regarded as an
archaeological discovery of the greatest
importance since it could profoundly
change the understanding of a crucial stage
in the development of human
society. Future plans include construction of
a museum and converting the environs into
an archaeological park in the hope that this
will help preserve the site in the state in
which it was discovered.
“A 12,000-year-old temple that is being
excavated in Turkey is rewriting the
historical record and seems to belong to a
larger, hitherto unknown civilization that is
slowly being uncovered“ Philip Coppens.

3. Carnac Stones In France

Carnac menhirs.
The Carnac stones are an exceptionally
dense collection of megalithicsites around
the French village of Carnac, in Brittany,
consisting of alignments, dolmens,
tumuluses and single mehirs (large upright
standing stones). The Carnac megaliths are
built in long straight lines, some over a
kilometre long and containing gundreds of
mehirs per row. With over 100 monuments,
Carnac is the site of the largest
concentration of megalithic monuments in
the world. Researchers believe that the
erection of the Carnac megaliths began
sometime in the Neolithic period about 4000
BC and perhaps continued to be built for the
next 2000 years.There are three major
groups of stone rows: Menec, Kermario and
Kerlescan – which may have once formed
asingle group, but have been split up as
stones were removed for other purposes.
Menec – eleven converging rows of menhirs
stretching for 1,165 metres, by 100 metres
wide.
Kermario – it consists of 1029 stones inten
columns, about 1,300 metres in length.
Kerlescan – a smaller group of 555 stones,
further to the east of the other two sites. It is
composed od 13 lines with a total length of
about 800 metres, ranging in height from 80
cm to 4 metres.
Many believe they have an astronomical
function as a marker or foresight. Others
think, it’s an enormous cemetery, because
passage graves are found here (one myth
isthat they were Roman soldiers turned to
stone by the wizard Merlin). But, as with
other megalith sites, not everyone can agree
on the original function of the giant stones,
leaving Carnac the site of another mystery
which may never be solved.
Carnac is one of three sites on Earth that is
said to be seen clearly from outer space.
The other two locations are said to be the
Great Wall of China and Nazca lines in
Peru.

2. Giant Stone Spheres of Costa
Rica

Stone spheres. Rock Formation in Costa Rica, North America.
The stone balls are one of the strangest
mysteries in archaeology discovered in the
Diquis Delta of Costa Rica. Since the 1930s,
hundreds of stone balls have been
documented, ranging in size from a few
centimetres to over 2 metres (6.6 ft) in
diameter. The archaeologist and
anthropologist Samuel Lothrop recorded a
total of approximately 186 balls for his
1963 publication. Today, around 300 balls
are known to exist and it has been
estimated that the largest ones weigh over
16 tons (15,000 kg). Almost all of the balls
are made of granodiorite, a hard, igneous
stone that outcrops in the foothills of the
nearby Talamanca range.

These rocks are thought to have been built
between 1000 and 500 B.C. by a population
that has vanished since then, although actual
dating is difficult. Numerous myths
surround the stones, such as they came
from Atlantis, or that they were made as
such by nature. Some local legends state
that the native inhabitants had access to a
potion able to soften the rock.


Although the
rocks have been affected, broken and worn
over thousands of years, some believe these
stones were initially designed as perfect
spheres.

What were they used for? Nobody knows
for sure.

The stone balls of Costa Rica have been the
object of pseudoscientific speculations since
the publication of Erich von
Däniken’s ‘Chariots of the Gods’ in 1971. The
ancient stone spheres were made world-
famous by the opening sequence of “Raiders
of the Lost Ark,” when a mockup of one of
the mysterious relics nearly crushed
Indiana Jones.

1. Moai In Easter Island

Moai statues at Rano Raraku – Easter Island.
Easter Island is a Polynesian island in the
southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the
southeasternmost point of the Polynesian
Triangle. Easter Island’s most dramatic
claim to fame is an array of almost 900
giant stone figures, that date back many
centuries; monolithic human figures, called
Moai, carved by the Rapa Nui people
between the years 1250 and 1500 CE. The
statues reveal their creators to be master
craftsmen and engineers, and are
distinctive among other stone sculptures
found in Polynesian cultures. There are 887
known Moai statues, the tallest being 21
meters (72 feet) high, weighing over 160
tonnes (176 tons), and the average height is
4 metres (13.2 feet). The Moai statues have
large heads and bodies with sharp noses
and chins, and nearly all are carved from
volcanic stone called ‘tuff’. It was thought
for a long time that the Easter Island statues
were just heads. But a dig almost 100 years
ago showed that buried beneath the surface
were the statues’ bodies. Images from the
excavation of the statues has revealed that
the “bodies” are marked with detailed
“tattoos”.
The Easter Island statues have remained
one of the world’s best-kept secrets.

The
Moai statues are part of the Rapa Nui
National Park, which was made a UNESCO
World Heritage site in 1995. There has been
much speculation about the exact purpose of
the statues, the role they played in the
ancient civilization of Easter Island and the
way they may have been constructed
and transported.

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